Importance of equitable administration and leadership in Islam

Existence of a fair judge and comprising an equitable governor or administrator in any position are highly emphasized in Islam. This kind of administrator manages and supervises everyone under his responsibility with fair and just treatment and by doing so, he would necessitate one important obligation addressed to mankind by Allah(j.j)

A fair judge will serve to make sure that all citizens are treated equally. Adeel is the adjective of such a judge under Islamic terminology. Here, subjective of “adeel” comes from the same word “adalat” which means justice in Arabic. Such a concept has many example from Holy Quran:

O David! We did indeed make thee a vicegerent on earth: so judge thou between men in truth (and justice): Nor follow thou the lusts (of thy heart), for they will mislead thee from the Path of Allah: for those who wander astray from the Path of Allah, is a Penalty Grievous, for that they forget the Day of Account (As-Sad 38/26)

Here Allah(j.j) addresses Prophet David(as). In another verse, Allah(j.j) makes a similar claim to Prophet Muhammad (saw)

Now then, for that (reason), call (them to the Faith), and stand steadfast as thou art commanded, nor follow thou their vain desires; but say: “I believe in the Book which Allah has sent down; and I am commanded to judge justly between you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord: for us (is the responsibility for) our deeds, and for you for your deeds. There is no contention between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and to Him is (our) Final Goal. (Ash-Shura 42/15)

Also the entire population of believers on earth, regardless of their ethnic roots and sects are subject to the same guidance, to adhere to justice of Allah(j.j) throughout all sort of administrative processes they might endure or execute in the course of their lives:

O ye who believe! stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do. (Al-Maeda 5/8)

Under the light of such instructions and requirement of Islamic faith, any judge or administrator will feel responsible for their decision since the consequence of their legislative decision will play an important role during their and rest of humanity’s “Fina Trial” on the day of judgement.

There are many hadith of the Prophet Muhammad(saw) which praises the “fair judge” as he will reap the benefits of following Allah’s(j.j) strict instructions on justice in this life. Such benefits will shine upon him on the day of judgement if he manages to become a “fair judge” under the standards of justice according to Islamic fiqh.

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