Fuqahay-i Seba:Seven Faqih of Madina

Seven faqih who lived in Madina. They are from tabiun. Faqih is a scholar who is an expert in Islamic jurisprudence.

Some children of the sahaba and tabiun moves to rural areas and kept a low profile during the reign of Umayyad Dynasty, since some of the sahaba disdained the authority of the Umayyad Dynasty.

Some students of “ilm” gathered around these children of the sahaba and tabiun and thus they have initiated disciplines of tafsir, hadith and fıqh.

Since different cities had dissimilar chemistry of societies, there were naturally some difference of opinion the field of fiqh.

Cities of Madina and Qufa, in other words schools of Hejaz and Iraq represented these two different schools of thought.

These scholars were named as Fuqahay-i Seba since the rulings of fatwa was carried by them and they become very well known about Islamic studies among the public.

The Hejaz fiqh school was consists of seven scholars, headed by Sa’id ibn al-Musayyab, who was a master of hadith quotation and a faqih with deep knowledge. He is known to say:

“There is nothing that makes a human honorable like worshipping Allah(j.j), there is nothing that makes a human disgraceful like committing sins against Allah(j.j)” 

The rest of the Fuqahay-i Seba was as follows:

Urwa ibn az-Zubayr,

Abu Bakr ibn ‘Abdu’r-Rahman,

Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr,

Ubaydullah ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Utba ibn Mas’ud,

Sulayman ibn Yasar,

Kharija ibn Zayd ibn Thabit.






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