Characteristics of Angels according to Islamic thought

To believe in angels is an obligatory action, in other words, fard, for every Muslim.

It is an essential prospect of Islam since certain attributes regarding their existence and characteristics are briefly mentioned in Holy Quran and many hadith of the Prophet(saw)

Since angels are intermediary creatures that transmit the divine revelation from Allah(j.j) to his Prophets, believing and knowing about the angels are fundamental to perfecting one’s inventory of religious knowledge. Angels also have protective and documentary tasks. They not only protect human being but also document their all action, for “judgemental” purposes for the afterlife. They are also known to inspire human beings for the greater good.

In Islamic thought, there are mainly three types of angels

Angels of Illiyun, Muqarrabin. These angels are constantly occupied with the sole task of worshipping Allah(j.j). They are also busy with “muhabbetullah”, love of Allah(j.j

Angels of Mudabberât: They are responsible for every kind of universal protective tasks appointed by Allah(j.j). In other words, they are in charge for the permanence of order in the universe.

Divine messengers: These types of angels exist to bring the revelations to the prophets and they are also responsible of certain tasks for humans, involving inspirations and their spiritual development.

In Holy Quran, such characteristic is implied as follows:

Praise be to Allah, Who created (out of nothing) the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels, messengers with wings,- two, or three, or four (pairs): He adds to Creation as He pleases: for Allah has power over all things (Fatir 35/1)

All angels never rebel against His commands; they submit to Him wholly and praise him constantly:

Those who sustain the Throne (of Allah) and those around it Sing Glory and Praise to their Lord; believe in Him; and implore Forgiveness for those who believe: “Our Lord! Thy Reach is over all things, in Mercy and Knowledge. Forgive, then, those who turn in Repentance, and follow Thy Path; and preserve them from the Penalty of the Blazing Fire!  (Al-Ghafir 40/7)

Allah(j.j) answers believers prayers by sending angels for their help:

Remember ye implored the assistance of your Lord, and He answered you: “I will assist you with a thousand of the angels, ranks on ranks. (Al-Anfal 8/9)












You must be logged in to post a comment Login